Program themes & streams

The Earth

Evolution of the planet led to the concentration of minerals and metals, recognition by early humans, and exploitation and use by the human race. Understanding the earth and earth processes has implications for the location of resources, efficient and clean extraction, and stewardship of our planet.


Availability of energy has supported the development of the human race. Increasing population and basic human needs will require vast increases in energy supply.


Minerals service every aspect of modern life. Although influenced by cycles and volatility, human needs, energy demands, and new technology will maintain demand for many commodities.


Clean water is a fundamental human right. Availability of water requires understanding surface and subsurface sources. Water is critically linked to energy and minerals, in addition to agriculture.

Resources & Society

Bring exploration and mining in the 21st century from responsible to sustainable. Roles of governments and development opportunities for indigenous peoples to benefit a larger society. Developing Resources for Future Generations with Environmental and Social Responsibility.